A Lived In Historic House

Wrapped in romance and intrigue, the Cheshire demesne of Gawsworth has been held by only five families since Norman times. Today it's home to Timothy and Elizabeth Richards, and their sons.

On a tour of this ancient Tudor manor house you will see fine paintings, furniture, sculpture and stained glass. The grounds are no less impressive, with a rookery, tilting ground and Elizabethan pleasure garden. It has been said that to see Cheshire, you must see Gawsworth, and there can be no doubt of the important role that this beautiful black and white Hall, built in 1480, has played in Britain's history over the last five centuries.

The Dark Lady

Here lived Mary Fitton, the beautiful Dark Lady of Shakespeare's sonnets, and maid of honour to Queen Elizabeth I, whose family spent vast sums in the hope of procuring a visit from the Monarch.

It was not to be, despite work starting on a garden to rival those at Holdenby and Chipping Campden. Complete with mile-long Tudor wall, a series of five lakes and wonderful avenues of Lyme trees, renowned Cheshire archealogist Rick Turner suggests it would have cost some £10 million in today’s terms. Instead, the younger daughter of Sir Edward and Lady Alice Fitton was threatened with the Tower, and sent home in disgrace after becoming pregnant by the Earl of Pembroke.

The Duel

After Mary's fall from grace, the Fitton finances never recovered and at the end of the English Civil War a legal battle began between Sir Charles Gerard and Alexander Fitton over the Gawsworth estates.

This was eventually settled in 1663, but events came to a head again in 1701 with the death of Fitton Gerard (the 3rd Earl of Macclesfield) who left no male heirs. The estate was left to a niece, Lady Mohun, and contested by another niece, the Duchess of Hamilton. The dispute culminated in one of the most famous duels in English history, when in 1712 Lord Mohun and the Duke of Hamilton met in Hyde Park and both were killed. Their deaths re-invigorated the campaign against dueling and Queen Anne made her displeasure clear, condemning the practice at the opening of parliament the following year.

Maggoty Johnson

Theatre has long thrived at the Hall, with the existing garden performances beginning in 1969. Years earlier Britain's last professional jester, Samuel 'Maggoty' Johnson, was the house's dancing master.

Still celebrated locally for his love of the demon drink, Maggoty was one of the founders of Justerini and Brooks, makers of J&B Rare Whisky, and well known for writing and starring in the successful Horlothrumbo play, that had an extended run in London’s Haymarket theatre. Just before his death, eccentric to the last, he fired an arrow from the church spire, demanding to be buried where it landed. The grave can still be seen today, a third of a mile north of the Hall in the Spinney known as Maggoty’s Wood.

The house is the star, a superb example of Cheshire black and white architecture... The gardens at Gawsworth embrace the remains of a medieval tilting ground, intended by a previous occupant to impress Elizabeth I should she deign to visit.
Sir Simon Jenkins, National Trust Chairman
Reviewing Britain's Finest Houses for The Times

Cheshire is famous for its timbered Halls; Gawsworth is one of the best... First and foremost a family home, its interiors are crammed with the owners' possesions. The Hall has undergone numerous restorations but the courtyard is superb.
Julian Humphrys
BBC History Magazine